Money supply decreased considerably between Black Tuesday and the Bank Holiday in March when there were massive bank runs across the United States. There are also various heterodox theories that downplay or reject the explanations of the Keynesians and monetarists. The consensus among demand-driven theories is that a large-scale loss of confidence led to a sudden reduction in consumption and investment spending. Once panic and deflation set in, many people believed they could avoid further losses by keeping clear of the markets.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Fiction The little magazines that helped the growth of the poetry of the era also contributed to a development of its fiction.
They printed daring or unconventional short stories and published attacks upon established writers. More potent were two magazines edited by the ferociously funny journalist-critic H.
Mencken — The Smart Set editorship —23 and American Mercury which he coedited between and A powerful influence and a scathing critic of puritanism, Mencken helped launch the new fiction. The most distinguished of these writers was Sherwood Anderson.
His Winesburg, Ohio and The Triumph of the Egg were collections of short stories that showed villagers suffering from all sorts of phobias and suppressions.
Anderson in time wrote several novels, the best being Poor White In critics noticed that a new school of fiction had risen to prominence with the success of books such as F. Novels of the s were often not only lyrical and personal but also, in the despairing mood that followed World War Iapt to express the pervasive disillusionment of the postwar generation.
Novels of the s inclined toward radical social criticism in response to the miseries of the Great Depressionthough some of the best, by writers such as Fitzgerald, William Faulkner, Henry Roth, and Nathanael West, continued to explore the Modernist vein of the previous decade. Critics of society F.
The book initiated a career of great promise that found fruition in The Great Gatsbya spare but poignant novel about the promise and failure of the American Dream.
Fitzgerald was to live out this theme himself.
Though damaged by drink and by a failing marriage, he went on to do some of his best work in the s, including numerous stories and essays as well as his most ambitious novel, Tender Is the Night Unlike Fitzgerald, who was a lyric writer with real emotional intensity, Sinclair Lewis was best as a social critic.
Similar careful documentation, though little satirecharacterized James T. LC-DIG-van-5a A number of authors wrote proletarian novels attacking capitalist exploitation, as in several novels based on a strike in the textile mills in Gastonia, N.
The radical movement, combined with a nascent feminism, encouraged the talent of several politically committed women writers whose work was rediscovered later; they included Tillie OlsenMeridel Le Sueurand Josephine Herbst.
His most sweeping indictments of the modern social and economic systemManhattan Transfer and the U.
West evoked the tawdry but rich materials of mass culture and popular fantasy to mock the pathos of the American Dream, a frequent target during the Depression years. The Spanish Civil Warhowever, led him to espouse the possibility of collective action to solve social problems, and his less-effective novels, including To Have and Have Not and For Whom the Bell Tollsembodied this new belief.
His own great impact on other writers came from his deceptively simple, stripped-down prose, full of unspoken implicationand from his tough but vulnerable masculinity, which created a myth that imprisoned the author and haunted the World War II generation.
Influenced by Sherwood Anderson, Herman Melvilleand especially James JoyceFaulkner combined stream-of-consciousness techniques with rich social history. Though often comic, his work pictured the disintegration of the leading families and, in later books such as Go Down, Moses and Intruder in the Dustshowed a growing concern with the troubled role of race in Southern life.
William Faulkner, photograph by Carl Van Vechten, c. Library of Congress, Washington, D. He showed his affinity for colourful outcasts, such as the paisanos of the Monterey area, in the short novels Tortilla FlatOf Mice and Menand Cannery Row His best books were inspired by the social struggles of migrant farm workers during the Great Depression, including the simply written but ambiguous strike novel In Dubious Battle and his flawed masterpiece, The Grapes of Wrath The latter, a protest novel punctuated by prose-poem interludes, tells the story of the migration of the Joads, an Oklahoma Dust Bowl family, to California.
During their almost biblical journey, they learn the necessity for collective action among the poor and downtrodden to prevent them from being destroyed individually.
There was an increased tendency to select details and endow them with symbolic meaning, to set down the thought processes and emotions of the characters, and to make use of rhythmic prose. In varied ways Stephen CraneFrank NorrisCabell, Dos Passos, Hemingway, Steinbeck, and Faulkner all showed evidence of this—in passages, in short stories, and even in entire novels.
Faulkner showed the tendency at its worst in A Fablewhich, ironically, won a Pulitzer Prize.A controversial tale of friendship and tragedy during the Great Depression, in a deluxe centennial edition Over seventy-five years since its first publication, Steinbeck’s tale of commitment, loneliness, hope, and loss remains one of .
Descriptive Essay: ' Candy ' - Like a kid in a candy store Not unlike other Mobilots release, design and theme makes up a key part of Sugar and Ice. Placed in the middle of the screen, the reels are set against the backdrop of snowflakes. Dostoevsky's last and greatest novel, The Karamazov Brothers, is both a brilliantly told crime story and a passionate philosophical debate.
The dissolute landowner Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov is mur. Perhaps no other of the world’s great writers lived and wrote with the passionate intensity of D. H. Lawrence. And perhaps no other of his books so explores the mysteries between men and women–both.
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