Moral social values in the bacchae by euripides

Once Dionysus had been established as a legitimate god in the Greek pantheon, he became associated with civic forms such as theater, wine festivals, democracy and general revelry.

Moral social values in the bacchae by euripides

Themes The Balance between Control and Freedom in a Healthy Society or Mind Euripides was writing during the beginning of the Dionysian invasion from the Near East, and so his play signals Dionysus's still incomplete integration into Greek religious and social life.

Once Dionysus had been established as a legitimate god in the Greek pantheon, he became associated with civic forms such as theater, wine festivals, democracy and general revelry.

But for Euripides, the relation between Dionysus and the established social order was still being contested. His play attempts to answer the question of whether there can be a space for the irrational within a well-structured and ordered space, either interior or exterior.

The Bacchae depicts a struggle to the death between the twin forces of control restraint and freedom releaseand permits Dionysus to provide an answer to this question. The god's implicit message is that not only is there space within society for the irrational, but that such a space must be allowed for that society to exist and thrive.

By denying or opposing the irrational, as Pentheus did, the person who opposes it, or the society that denies it, will be torn apart. The story of Pentheus and Thebes demonstrates the necessity of self-control, moderation, and wisdom in avoiding the twin extremes of the tyranny of order and the murderous frenzy of collective passion.

The Nature of Theater As the last work of his life, Euripides chose to write a play that discussed, among other themes, the origin and nature of his own art.

The Bacchae deals with the different relationships of theater to various aspects of society, including its relationship to art itself.

The Bacchae Critical Essays - plombier-nemours.com

First, Euripides asserts the centrality of theater to Dionysian ritual. The rites alluded to in the play were replete with masked dancers, choral performances and processions of citizens in costumes.

Dionysus, the god of the mask, offers his worshippers the freedom to be someone other than themselves, and in doing so, the chance to achieve a religious ecstasy through theater itself.

Second, Euripides comments upon the relation of the individual self to the theater as spectacle and performance. In the beginning of the play, Pentheus is an external spectator and onlooker, gazing upon the bacchic rites with a removed, disapproving gaze.

But when offered the chance by Dionysus, he moves from the margins to center stage of the drama himself. But Pentheus cannot navigate the dangers of the move, and loses control, losing himself to the role he wishes to play. He emasculates himself, loses his original identity as the rational sovereign, and exposes himself to the drama and its consequences—in his case, death.

Third, Euripides wants to comment upon the play as an art form.

From the SparkNotes Blog

He masterfully both draws the audience's attention to the artifice of the play, to its conventions and techniques, while at the same time asserting the seductive power of that very artifice, both over the characters in the play and over the audience itself.

Duality One of the principal moral messages of the play extols the importance of maintaining fundamental balances in one's social and natural life, and Euripides demonstrates this principle in the structure and content of the The Bacchae. The play is sprinkled throughout with oppositions, doubles and pairings that can be organized into three categories.

First, Euripides establishes a number of pairings between and even within characters: Dionysus takes two forms on stage, Pentheus serves as his double, and they switch roles in the course of the play. Cadmus and Tiresias are a pair, and the bacchic chorus and the mad women of Thebes provide a contrasting set.

Second, there are formal dualities, including the chorus versus the main action of the drama, and the events recounted versus the events enacted.

Third, thematic dualities feature strongly. The wild mountain is contrasted with the walled city, and the mortal denies—albeit futilely—the divine. Men face off against women, and the irrational does battle with the rational.To Euripides, traditional legends portrayed the moral standards of the gods unsuitably.

The gods' morality was shown to be lower than that of virtuous men. Although Euripides portrayed women sensitively, he nonetheless had a reputation as a woman-hater. Jun 07,  · Sex, drugs, and rock’n’roll are no new thing one discovers in Bacchae, Euripides’s classic play that was first performed in BC.

Here we have the god of wine and inspirer of madness leading his female acolytes to commit acts more ghastly than anything the Manson Family ever thought plombier-nemours.com: Rufus.

Moral social values in the bacchae by euripides

The Bacchae, written in Macedonia after the author’s voluntary exile from Athens and produced posthumously, is one of Euripides’ most poetically beautiful as well as thematically difficult dramas.

Pages 20 through 25 of Bacchae by Euripides - Pages 20 through 25 of Bacchae by Euripides The reason that Bacchae by Euripides was chosen as a set text to be examined on is because it is a classic ancient Greek performance.

The Bacchae is a tragedy written by Greek playwright Euripides (c. BCE) in BCE, which portrays Pentheus as an impious king, for the ruler of Thebes has denied the worship of Dionysus within his city walls. For Pentheus, the god is a destroyer of social and moral values, and the former has returned from abroad only to have his .

The Bacchae study guide contains a biography of Euripides, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

Moral social values in the bacchae by euripides
SparkNotes: The Bacchae: Themes