While interpretations of Nietzsche's overman vary wildly, here are a few of his quotes from Thus Spoke Zarathustra: Man is something that shall be overcome.
1. Life, Work, and Influence. Born in in Stuttgart, Hegel spent the years – as a student in nearby Tübingen, studying first philosophy, and then theology, and forming friendships with fellow students, the future great romantic poet Friedrich Hölderlin (–) and Friedrich von Schelling (–), who, like Hegel, would become one of the major figures of the German. Others (e.g., Magnus ) take Nietzsche's idea of eternal recurrence (the hallmark of life-affirmation, as noted above) as the criterion of a well-lived life: perfection is a matter of living in such a way that one is ready to gladly will the repetition of one's life, in all its particulars, in to eternity. Emden, Christian, Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ). A highly-informative contextualized account of Nietzsche’s historical theory, with special reference to the culture and politics of Basel during Nietzsche’s tenure.
They had two other children: Inhe began to attend Domgymnasium in Naumburg. Because his father had worked for the state as a pastor the now-fatherless Nietzsche was offered a scholarship to study at the internationally recognized Schulpforta the claim that Nietzsche was admitted on the strength of his academic competence has been debunked: He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions.
Nietzsche led "Germania", a music and literature club, during his summers in Naumburg. His end-of-semester exams in March showed a 1 in Religion and German; a 2a in Greek and Latin; a 2b in French, History, and Physics; and a "lackluster" 3 in Hebrew and Mathematics.
Additionally, he became acquainted with Ernst Ortleppan eccentric, blasphemous, and often drunken poet who was found dead in a ditch weeks after meeting the young Nietzsche but who may have introduced Nietzsche to the music and writing of Richard Wagner. For a short time he and Deussen became members of the Burschenschaft Frankonia.
After one semester and to the anger of his motherhe stopped his theological studies and lost his faith. This letter contains the following statement: Hence the ways of men part: InNietzsche thoroughly studied the works of Arthur Schopenhauer.
The cultural environment encouraged him to expand his horizons beyond philology and continue his study of philosophy,[ citation needed ] although Nietzsche would ultimately argue the impossibility of an evolutionary explanation of the human aesthetic sense.
He was regarded as one of the finest riders among his fellow recruits, and his officers predicted that he would soon reach the rank of captain.
However, in Marchwhile jumping into the saddle of his horse, Nietzsche struck his chest against the pommel and tore two muscles in his left side, leaving him exhausted and unable to walk for months. He was only 24 years old and had neither completed his doctorate nor received a teaching certificate " habilitation ".
In his short time in the military, he experienced much and witnessed the traumatic effects of battle. He also contracted diphtheria and dysentery.
His inaugural lecture at the university was " Homer and Classical Philology ". Nietzsche also met Franz Overbecka professor of theology who remained his friend throughout his life. The Wagners brought Nietzsche into their most intimate circle—including Franz Lisztof whom Nietzsche colloquially described: InNietzsche published his first book, The Birth of Tragedy.
However, his colleagues within his field, including Ritschl, expressed little enthusiasm for the work in which Nietzsche eschewed the classical philologic method in favor of a more speculative approach.
Nietzsche remarked freely about the isolation he felt within the philological community and attempted unsuccessfully to transfer to a position in philosophy at Basel instead.
Between andhe published four separate long essays: These four later appeared in a collected edition under the title Untimely Meditations. The essays shared the orientation of a cultural critique, challenging the developing German culture along lines suggested by Schopenhauer and Wagner.
However, he was deeply disappointed by the Bayreuth Festival ofwhere the banality of the shows and baseness of the public repelled him. All this contributed to his subsequent decision to distance from Wagner. Inafter a significant decline in health, Nietzsche had to resign his position at Basel.
Since his childhood, various disruptive illnesses had plagued him, including moments of shortsightedness that left him nearly blind, migraine headaches, and violent indigestion.
The riding accident and diseases in may have aggravated these persistent conditions, which continued to affect him through his years at Basel, forcing him to take longer and longer holidays until regular work became impractical.Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s.
He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and social and political pieties associated with modernity.
That educating philosopher of whom I dreamed would, I came to think, not only discover the central force, he would also know how to prevent its acting destructively on the other forces: his educational task would, it seemed to me, be to mould the whole man into a living solar and planetary system and to understand its higher laws of motion.
Nietzsche also criticized Christianity for demonizing flourishing in life, and glorifying living an apathetic life. By the 19th century, Nietzsche concludes, Christianity had become so worldly as to parody itself—a total inversion of a world view which was, in the beginning, nihilistic, thus implying the "death of God".
Friedrich Nietzsche (—) Nietzsche was a German philosopher, essayist, and cultural critic. His writings on truth, morality, language, aesthetics, cultural theory, history, nihilism, power, consciousness, and the meaning of existence have exerted an enormous influence on Western philosophy and intellectual history.
Nietzsche spoke of "the death . This is a list of writings and other compositions by Friedrich Nietzsche. In this connection, Nietzsche popularizes the critique of knowledge of Immanuel Kant, to whom Nietzsche remained closely connected throughout his life.
Yet if perspectivism is to provide an objection against the empirical and logical generality of human knowledge, it .